Bitcoin History Explained with an Infographic
Bitcoins are gaining popularity worldwide at fast pace. People like to use bitcoins because they can be mined, stored and transferred electronically without any cost and time. The cryptocurrency was launched in 2009 by a mysterious person known only by the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto, whose true identity is still unknown. Since then, the value of a single Bitcoin has fluctuated wildly, reaching a high of around $1100 in late 2013 before falling to less than half that level, and then rebounding in 2016.
During its short life, bitcoin saw many highs and lows amid various political and economic events. We will try to cover all notable events pertaining to bitcoins with the help of an infographic.
Unlike traditional currencies, which are issued by central banks, Bitcoin has no central monetary authority. Instead it is underpinned by a peer-to-peer computer network made up of its users' machines, akin to the networks that underpin BitTorrent, a file-sharing system, and Skype, an audio, video and chat service. Bitcoins are mathematically generated as the computers in this network execute difficult number-crunching tasks, a procedure known as Bitcoin "mining". The mathematics of the Bitcoin system were set up so that it becomes progressively more difficult to "mine" Bitcoins over time, and the total number that can ever be mined is limited to around 21 million. There is therefore no way for a central bank to issue a flood of new Bitcoins and devalue those already in circulation.
Bitcoins (or fractions of Bitcoins known as satoshis) can be bought and sold in return for traditional currency on several exchanges, and can also be directly transferred across the internet from one user to another using appropriate software. This makes Bitcoin a potentially attractive currency in which to settle international transactions, without messing around with bank charges or exchange rates. Some internet services (such as web hosting and online gambling) can be paid for using Bitcoin.